As a mean to achieving its mission of biodiversity conservation, RSCN has dedicated itself to Setting up and managing ten protected areas in Shaumari, Azraq, Wadi Mujib, Ajloun, Dana, Dibeen, Yarmouk, Fifa, Burqu and Dahek, covering over 4656 square kilometers in some of the finest natural landscapes in the country to safeguard Jordan’s natural environment and biodiversity, while additional sites are proposed as locations for the establishment of new reserves in the upcoming years.
- Enforce the Wildlife Protection Act through a special mandate from the Ministry of Agriculture, and work closely with law enforcement agencies, such as the environmental police unit (Rangers), to protect biodiversity. RSCN is also designated as the management and enforcement authority for CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).
- Conduct research to provide a scientific base to aid conservation efforts.
- Raise awareness on environmental issues, with a focus on school students through establishing nature conservation clubs, providing educational programs in the reserves, and integrating biodiversity concepts in school curricula.
- Run captive breeding programs and save several endangered species from extinction, such as the magnificent endangered Arabian oryx, gazelle, and ibex and re-introduce them into the wilderness. RSCN has currently improved the process of captive breeding and embraced a new method of conservation, which involves a shift from species-oriented conservation programs to habitats-oriented conservation programs.
- Develop large-scale conservation projects that aim to integrate environmental protection with the socio-economic development of local people living in and around the nature reserves. RSCNs socio-economic projects include a wide variety of eco-tourism programs, as well as the production of unique handicrafts and organic food items. These nature-based businesses provide jobs tied to the protection of natural areas and create improved livelihoods for poor rural communities. All of RSCN products and eco-tourism ventures are marketed under the trade name "Wild Jordan" and the full range of handicrafts are available at the Wild Jordan Center in Amman.
- Provide training and capacity building to environmental practitioners and institutions throughout Jordan and the Middle East in an attempt to share our expertise and empower others to join in the protection of nature. RSCN has established the Royal Academy for Nature Conservation (RANC) recently to pursue this objective.
- Encourage the public to become more involved in the conservation efforts by joining RSCN membership program and becoming a voice for nature.
- Promote public action for environmental protection through campaigns and activities run by an advocacy committee comprised of volunteers from different sectors.