The area is located at the north of Mujib Reserve and is mainly composed of a rugged mountainous area with wadi systems flowing into the Dead Sea. The wadi systems have a high biodiversity importance including a huge roosting site for Common Starlings Sturnus vulgaris where around 20,000 birds come to spend the night from autumn to spring.
The area has a large colony of Rock Hyrax Procavia capensis. Few pairs of Barbary falcon Falco pelegrinoides and Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus were recorded breeding in the area.
The site is used by the local communities mostly for winter grazing. The remaining tamarisk woodland of Swaimeh is also considered as a satellite site that will be treated as part of this SCA