The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN) established surveys and studies section in 1994, for implementing ecological surveys within nature reserves network that related with biodiversity in particular. As a result, provide site management with adequate practices needed to preserve natural heritage, as well as, reduce threats that faced wildlife components in general. Furthermore, the centre provide suitable support for awareness and education programs, and be responsible for scientific background of law enforcement on illegal hunting and species conservation.
Because of annual surveys and studies, more information about biodiversity has been accumulated in RSCN. Accordingly, the national role of the centre in particular is developed, thus, a comprehensive institutional review is needed. “Transformation Strategy” was designed to restructure the centre into a modern Decentralized System of natural reserves management. This strategy included the Research and Studies Section, which was renamed to National Conservation Monitoring Center. Its main role is to make biodiversity-related information compiled, archived and easily accessible at the national level, and this will be through cooperation with all stakeholders of different sectors. This database is designed to be easy to search and access, as well as, continuous updated.
The main objective of this center will be focused on nature reserves, and this including the following;
1. Establish an updated, archived, and easily accessible biodiversity database
2. Implementing monitoring programs in nature reserves
3. Monitor status of biodiversity conservation at the national level
4. Reduce biodiversity knowledge gaps to keep the database up to date
5. Building capacity for all biodiversity related surveys
6. Monitoring the effectiveness of protected areas management
The centre including the following modules;
• Flora Surveys Team
• Fauna Surveys Team
• Birds Surveys Team
• Geographic Information Systems Unit (GIS)
The first three units implement the annual work plan in the form of field research and periodically monitored scientific programs designed that dealing with threats. Scientific reports are also prepared for each study to be used to monitor changes in the status of biota and natural habitats.