Instructions to Authors

Aims and Scope
The Jordan Journal of Natural History (JJNH) is an open access international scientific journal publishing original research and reviews in nature history in its broadest sense. This is taken to include conservation biology, botany, geology, paleontology, zoology, and ecology, including a broad range of systematics papers encompassing traditional taxonomic revisions and descriptions, cladistics analyses and molecular phylogenetic. The Jordan Journal of Natural History is published by the Conservation Monitoring Centre at the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature, Jordan.

Type of Manuscript
The journal publishes high-quality original scientific papers, short communications, correspondence, methodology and case studies. Review articles are usually by invitation only. However, review articles of current interest and high standards will be considered. Manuscripts, or the essence of their content, must be previously unpublished and should not be under simultaneous consideration by another journal. The authors should also declare if any similar work has been submitted to or published by another journal. They should also declare that it has not been submitted/published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The authors should also declare that the paper is the original work of the author(s) and not copied (in whole or in part) from any other work. All papers will automatically checked for duplicate publication and plagiarism. If detected, appropriate action will be taken in accordance with International Ethical Guideline. By virtue of the submitted manuscript, the corresponding author acknowledges that all the co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript. The corresponding author should provide all co-authors with information regarding the manuscript, and obtain their approval before submitting any revisions. Electronic submission of manuscripts strongly recommended, if the text, tables and figures are included in a single Microsoft Word file. Submit manuscript as e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at jjnh@rscn.org.jo. After submission, a manuscript number will be communicated to the corresponding author.

Peer-Review Process
It is requested to submit, with the manuscript, the names, addresses and e-mail addresses of at least 4-6 potential reviewers. It is the sole right of the editor to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers to be used. The reviewers’ comments will be sent to authors within 6-8 weeks after submission. Manuscripts and figures for review will not be returned to authors whether the editorial board decision is to accept, revise, or reject. All Case Reports and Short Communication must include at least one table and/or one figure.

Manuscript Format
Title Page
: The title page should include concise title; a short running title, author(s) full name(s), affiliation, complete postal address, e-mail addresses, (phone, and fax numbers if available) of the author to whom all correspondence should be addressed.
Abstract: an abstract not exceeding 300 words, summarized account of the subject, results and conclusions should be given.
Keywords: Three to seven keywords should be included for each paper. Use of abbreviations should be avoided, only standard abbreviations, well known in the established area may be used, if appropriate. These keywords will be used for indexing.
Introduction: Should include a short introduction to the background, a brief literature survey, the scope and aim of the work done.
Materials and Methods: Give adequate information to allow the experiment to be reproduced. Already published methods should be mentioned with references. Significant modifications of published methods and new methods should be described in detail. Subheading can be used.
Results: Results should be concise and should not include discussions. Text, tables and figures should not duplicate the same information. Newly described taxa must be distinguished from related taxa. For newly described species, the holotype should be deposited and numbered in a recognized museum.
Discussion: Concise discussion without repeating the results with the significance of the present work should be provided. Citations should be given in support of the findings.
Acknowledgment: A brief acknowledgment section may be given after the conclusion section just before the references. The acknowledgment of people who provided assistance in manuscript preparation, funding for research, etc. should be listed in this section.
Reference style
References should be listed alphabetically at the end of the manuscript. Every reference
referred in the text must be also present in the reference list and vice versa. In the text, a reference identified by means of an author’s name should be followed by the year of publication in parentheses (e.g. (Brown, 2020). For two authors, both authors’ names followed by the year of publication (e.g. (Nelson & Brown, 2017). When there are more than two authors all authors should be listed separated by and before the last author as in (Amer, Z., Katebeth, A. and Hmiadan, N. A. (2019) When two or more works of an author has been published during the same year, the reference should be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication. This should be followed both in the text and reference list. e.g., Hilly, (2002a, 2002b); Hilly and Nelson, (2004). Articles in preparation or submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the article text (e.g., Al-Eisawi D. M, University of Jordan, personal communication). Titles of journals must be abbreviated according to the latest edition of the World List of Scientific Periodicals. Journal title should be given in full. The author is responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the references and for their correct textual citation. Failure to do so may result in the paper being withdraw from the evaluation process.

Example of correct reference form is given as follows:

Reference to a journal publication
Ogunseitan, O A. 1998. Protein method for investigating mercuric reductase gene expression in aquatic environments. Applied and Environmental Microbiology64 (2): 695-702.
Rabia, B and Attum O. 2018. Shoreline encounter and stranding rates of cetanceans and loggerhead turtles Caretta caretta in North Sinai, Egypt. Jordan Journal of Natural History5(1): 75-78.
Hamidan, NA, Geiger, MF and Freyhof, J. 2014. Garra jordanica, a new species from the Dead Sea basin with remarks on the relationship of G. ghorensis, G. tibanica and G. rufa (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters25(3): 223-236.
Reference to a book
Brown WY and White SR.1985. The Elements of Style, 3rd ed. MacMillan, New York.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, GR and Adams, L B. 2010. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones, B S and Smith, R Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands, Pp. 281–304.
Conferences and Meetings
Embabi, N. S. 1990. Environmental Aspects of Distribution of Mangrove in the United Arab Emirates. Proceedings of the First ASWAS Conference. University of the United Arab Emirates. Al- Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Figures and Tables
It is in the author’s interest to provide the highest quality figure format possible. Figures must be saved separate to text. Please do not embed figures in the file. Files should be saved as one of the following formats: TIFF (tagged image file format), PostScript or EPS (encapsulated PostScript), and should contain all the necessary font information and the source file of the application. All figures and tables must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the paper (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2) and their position should be indicated in the text. In multi-part figures, each part should be labelled (e.g. Figure 1(a), Figure 1(b)). Tables should be numbered using Arabic numerals. Both black and white and coloured photographs are accepted. However, these photographs need to be of high quality, and minimum of 300 dpi resolution. They should not to be submitted within the text, but as a separate attachment with a file name refers to the figure location within the text (e.g Figure 1).
Copyright
Submission of a manuscript clearly indicates that the study has not been published before or is not under consideration for publication elsewhere (except as an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis). Publication is permitted by all authors and after accepted for publication will not be submitted for publication anywhere else, using English or any other language, without a written approval of the copyright-holder. The journal may consider manuscripts that are translations of articles originally published in another language. In this case, the consent of the journal in which the article was originally published must be obtained and the fact that the article has already been published must be made clear on submission and stated in the abstract. It is compulsory for authors to ensure that no material submitted as part of a manuscript infringes existing copyrights, or the rights of a third party.
Ethical Consent
All manuscripts reporting the results of experimental investigation involving human subjects should include a statement confirming that each subject or subject’s guardian obtains an informed consent, after the approval of the experimental protocol by a local human ethics committee or IRB. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
Publication Ethics
The Jordan Journal of Natural History (JJNH) follows the highest standards of publication ethics and it takes all measures necessary to prevent publication misconduct. This statement is based on Committee on Publication Ethics’ (COPE) Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Each paper is reviewed anonymously by at least two independent reviewers to ensure the final high standard and quality of the journal. The communication between the reviewers and authors is managed by and conducted through the editor-in-chief. The Editor- in- Chief, Editorial Boards and the Reviewers are the body to ultimately decide which papers are publishable in JJNH. Their decision is based on a number of factors: compliance with formal requirements, possession of permits to reprint/republish excerpts in the papers, relevance of the paper in terms of scientific research in natural history and conservation of nature fields, use of scientific procedures and methods, language quality etc. Unpublished papers shall be returned to the author with a formal statement justifying the refusal. In the reviewing process, the reviewers help the author improve the paper to match the respective requirements, objectify the research findings etc. The papers received/reviewed by the reviewers are treated with confidentiality.
Plagiarism
Our editorial board does not accept any type of plagiarism. This means that works replicating another author’s work without acknowledging him/her shall be automatically disqualified. All authors submitting their papers to JJNH affirm that their papers are their own creations and have not been copied in whole or in part from other works. If a published paper is found later to be extensively plagiarized and is found to be a duplicate or redundant publication, a note of retraction will be published, and copies of the correspondence will be sent to the authors’ head of institute.
Galley Proofs
The editorial office will send proofs of the manuscript to the corresponding author as an e-mail attachment for final proof reading and it will be the responsibility of the corresponding author to return the galley proof materials appropriately corrected within the stipulated time. Authors will be asked to check any typographical or minor clerical errors in the manuscript at this stage. No other major alteration in the manuscript is allowed. After publication, authors can freely access the full text of the article as well as can download and print the PDF file.
Publication Charges
There are no page charges for publication in Jordan Journal of Natural History.
Authorship Policy
A statements should be provided during the submission process outlining their individual contributions of all authors to the paper and will appear above the acknowledgement section of the published paper. Any changes in authorship prior to or after publication must be agreed upon by all authors, including those being added or removed. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to obtain confirmation from all co-authors and to provide evidence of this to the editorial office with a full explanation about why the change was necessary.
Open Access Policy
The JJNH provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. No fees are required for submission. Readers don’t have to pay to read and download the papers. Following are our commitment towards the Open Access

  1. The publications are available online at no charge to readers or institutions. No subscription is required for online access. Unlimited Download of the full-text in PDF format
  2. Even though the documents are copyrighted and protected, the readers are permitted to use the material for any lawful purpose, including downloading, copying, making derivative works, printing, searching, or linking to the full texts of works, crawling for indexing.
  3. No licensor/licensee relationship shall exist between the publisher or provider of the online publication and the individual user or institution.

Reprints
Five (5) reprints are provided to corresponding author free of charge within two weeks after the printed journal date. For orders of more reprints, a reprint order form and prices will be sent with article proofs, which should be returned directly to the Editor for processing.
Disclaimer
Articles, communication, or editorials published by JJNH represent the sole opinions of the authors. The publisher shoulders no responsibility or liability what so ever for the use or misuse of the information published by JJNH.
Manuscript Style
Times New Roman font size 12 should be used. Lines should be doubled spaced. Titles and subtitles should be bold, font size 14, with first word and proper nouns cap only, and paragraphs should be indented. After final acceptance of the manuscript, the author(s) should sign a copyright form for the journal. No page charges are due for publishing in the journal.

The table below summarizes the manuscript style:

Section Format
Title Bold, Times New Roman, Font size 16, Centred as, e.g., Vegetation and Flora of Azraq Wetland Reserve
Author/s An Author and Another(s) the first name and family name should be written
in full without abbreviations as (Nashat A. Hmaidan), Centred, Regular, Times New
Affiliation 1Department, University, City, Country; Institute, Full Address,
2Department, University, City, Country, Centred, Italic, Times New Roman, size 14
Abstract Text smaller, indented both sides, Centred, Regular, Time New Roman, size 12
Key words word; another word; lower case except names. Position aligned with abstract
Headings A. Bold initial cap only (size bold), Times New Roman, size 14
B. Bold italic initial cap only (size bold, italic), Times New Roman, size 14
C. Italic initial cap only (size italic), Times New Roman, size 14
D. Italic initial cap only (size italic) Text runs on after a punctuation mark,
Times New Roman, size 14
All ranged left, numbers to be included if supplied, no indent below
Paragraph Indented Paragraph: use this for the first paragraph in a section, or to continue after an extract.
New paragraph: use this style when you need to begin a new paragraph

Jordan Journal of Natural History
Conservation Monitoring Centre
The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature
Dahiat Al Rasheed, Bulding No. 4, Baker Al Baw Street,
P. O. Box 1215 Al Jubaiha, Amman 11941 Jordan
Email: jjnh@rscn.org.jo