The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature is implementing the Integrated Ecosystem Management in the Jordan Rift Valley project, which aims to establish a network of reserves and special conservation areas in the Jordan rift valley region,
Yarmouk is one area in a network of sites. It was announced as a natural reserve the 6th of January 2010 by the Prime Minister and became part of the national reserves network which is run and managed by the RSCN.
Yarmouk Nature Reserve (YNR) is located in the northwestern parts of Jordan, at the border with Golan hill. The total area of YNR is 20 km2. It contains two main topographic areas : Mountains which are covered by deciduous oak up to 500 m high above the sea level, punctuated by valleys of small and medium descend towards the Yarmouk river. Those small and medium descend valleys have a seasonal runoff with the exception of Shag Al Bared valley.
YNR is located within the Mediterranean biogeographical zone which provides a warm climate in summer and a cold one in winter with an average rainfall of 400 mm / year.
YNR has two vegetation types: Deciduous oak forest and fresh water vegetation types. The rapid assessment surveys show that there are 59 plant species, among them: Deciduous Oak which is the national tree in Jordan, Atlantic Pistachio, White Willow, Oriental plane, Orchid Anatolian and Aleppo Pine.
Fauna rapid assessment shows 20 recorded mammalian species, among them: Arabian Gazelle, Stone Marten, Rock Hyrax, Egyptian, Jungle Cat, Asiatick Jackal. Also 58 Bird species were recorded which count for 14% of Jordan’s bird population: Avifauna: Kestrel, Chukar, Sand Partridge, Moorhen, Hoopoe, Syrian Woodpecker, Collared Dove and Bee-eater.
Also 15 herpetofaunal species were recorded at YNR, among them the Green Toad and the Palestinian Viper.
The main challenges in YNR are: Overgrazing, soil erosion, wood cutting, hunting, expansion of agricultural lands and random tourism, RSCN is preparing an integrated management plan to meet this threats in a participatory way with local communities.